Introduction to Physics
10th Edition

ORION
Orion
Introduction to Physics
John D. Cutnell
Kenneth W. Johnson, David Young, Shane Stadler

© 2015

Cutnell and Johnson has been the #1 text in the algebra-based physics market for almost 20 years. The 10th edition brings on new co-authors: David Young and Shane Stadler (both out of LSU). The Cutnell offering now includes enhanced features and functionality for the WileyPLUS course as wells as a new adaptive learning module called ORION. The authors, Young and Stadler, have been extensively involved in the creation and adaptation of valuable resources for the text and WileyPLUS.


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Features

Prepare and Present

  • Course Materials to help you personalise lessons and optimise your time, including:
  • Customisable pre-built course plan
  • Instructor Resource Guide
  • Instructor Solutions Manuals
  • Testbank
  • Lecture Notes PowerPoint TM Slides
  • Classroom Response System (Clicker) Questions
  • Image Gallery 

Read, Study and Practice

  • Complete online version of the textbook included
  • Relevant, student study tools and learning resources to ensure positive learning outcomes, including:
  • Animations
  • Math help videos
  • Concept simulations and questions
  • Additional problems not found in the text
  • NEW Chalkboard videos authored by David Young and Shane Stadler
  • Guided Online (GO) Tutorial problems
  • Algebra and Trigonometry review (Chapter 0)
  • Interactive LearningWare problems
  • Video Physics Demonstrations
  • Hundreds of MCAT-style questions

Assignment

Pre-created activities to encourage learning outside of the classroom, including:

  • Question Assignments: all end-of-chapter problems coded algorithmically with hints, links to text, whiteboard/show work feature and instructor-controlled problem-solving help. Many problems include links to Math Help Videos, GO tutorials, Interactive LearningWare, and fully worked out solutions.
  • WileyPLUS Quickstart assignments and presentations for the entire course created by a subject-matter expert

Topics covered

1 Introduction and Mathematical Concepts

  1. The Nature of Physics
  2. Units
  3. The Role of Units in Problem Solving
  4. Trigonometry
  5. Scalars and Vectors
  6. Vector Addition and Subtraction
  7. The Components of a Vector
  8. Addition of Vectors by Means of Components
  9. CONCEPT SUMMARY

2 Kinematics in One Dimension

  1. Displacement
  2. Speed and Velocity
  3. Acceleration
  4. Equations of Kinematics for Constant Acceleration
  5. Applications of the Equations of Kinematics
  6. Freely Falling Bodies
  7. Graphical Analysis of Velocity and Acceleration
  8. CONCEPT SUMMARY

3 Kinematics in Two Dimensions

  1. Displacement, Velocity, and Acceleration
  2. Equations of Kinematics in Two Dimensions 
  3. Projectile Motion
  4. Relative Velocity
  5. CONCEPT SUMMARY

4 Forces and Newton’s Laws of Motion

  1. The Concepts of Force and Mass
  2. Newton’s First Law of Motion
  3. Newton’s Second Law of Motion
  4. The Vector Nature of Newton’s Second Law of Motion
  5. Newton’s Third Law of Motion
  6. Types of Forces: An Overview
  7. The Gravitational Force
  8. The Normal Force
  9. Static and Kinetic Frictional Forces
  10. The Tension Force
  11. Equilibrium Applications of Newton’s Laws of Motion
  12. Nonequilibrium Applications of Newton’s Laws of Motion
  13. CONCEPT SUMMARY

5 Dynamics of Uniform Circular Motion

  1. Uniform Circular Motion
  2. Centripetal Acceleration
  3. Centripetal Force
  4. Banked Curves
  5. Satellites in Circular Orbits
  6. Apparent Weightlessness and Artificial Gravity
  7. Vertical Circular Motion
  8. CONCEPT SUMMARY

6 Work and Energy

  1. Work Done by a Constant Force
  2. The Work–Energy Theorem and Kinetic Energy
  3. Gravitational Potential Energy
  4. Conservative Versus Nonconservative Forces
  5. The Conservation of Mechanical Energy
  6. Nonconservative Forces and the Work–Energy Theorem
  7. Power
  8. Other Forms of Energy and the Conservation of Energy
  9. Work Done by a Variable Force
  10. CONCEPT SUMMARY

7 Impulse and Momentum

  1. The Impulse–Momentum Theorem
  2. The Principle of Conservation of Linear Momentum
  3. Collisions in One Dimension
  4. Collisions in Two Dimensions
  5. Center of Mass
  6. CONCEPT SUMMARY

8 Rotational Kinematics

  1. Rotational Motion and Angular Displacement
  2. Angular Velocity and Angular Acceleration
  3. The Equations of Rotational Kinematics
  4. Angular Variables and Tangential Variables
  5. Centripetal Acceleration and Tangential Acceleration
  6. Rolling Motion
  7. The Vector Nature of Angular Variables
  8. CONCEPT SUMMARY

9 Rotational Dynamics

  1. The Action of Forces and Torques on Rigid Objects
  2. Rigid Objects in Equilibrium
  3. Center of Gravity
  4. Newton’s Second Law for Rotational Motion About a Fixed Axis
  5. Rotational Work and Energy
  6. Angular Momentum
  7. CONCEPT SUMMARY

10 Simple Harmonic Motion and Elasticity

  1. The Ideal Spring and Simple Harmonic Motion
  2. Simple Harmonic Motion and the Reference Circle
  3. Energy and Simple Harmonic Motion
  4. The Pendulum
  5. Damped Harmonic Motion
  6. Driven Harmonic Motion and Resonance
  7. Elastic Deformation
  8. Stress, Strain, and Hooke’s Law
  9. CONCEPT SUMMARY

11 Fluids

  1. Mass Density
  2. Pressure
  3. Pressure and Depth in a Static Fluid
  4. Pressure Gauges
  5. Pascal’s Principle
  6. Archimedes’ Principle
  7. Fluids in Motion
  8. The Equation of Continuity
  9. Bernoulli’s Equation
  10. Applications of Bernoulli’s Equation
  11. Viscous Flow
  12. CONCEPT SUMMARY 

12 Temperature and Heat

  1. Common Temperature Scales
  2. The Kelvin Temperature Scale
  3. Thermometers
  4. Linear Thermal Expansion
  5. Volume Thermal Expansion
  6. Heat and Internal Energy
  7. Heat and Temperature Change: Specific Heat Capacity
  8. Heat and Phase Change: Latent Heat
  9. Equilibrium Between Phases of Matter
  10. Humidity
  11. CONCEPT SUMMARY

13 The Transfer of Heat

  1. Convection
  2. Conduction
  3. Radiation
  4. Applications
  5. CONCEPT SUMMARY

14 The Ideal Gas Law and Kinetic Theory

  1. Molecular Mass, the Mole, and Avogadro’s Number
  2. The Ideal Gas Law
  3. Kinetic Theory of Gases
  4. Diffusion
  5. CONCEPT SUMMARY

15 Thermodynamics

  1. Thermodynamic Systems and Their Surroundings
  2. The Zeroth Law of Thermodynamics
  3. The First Law of Thermodynamics
  4. Thermal Processes
  5. Thermal Processes Using an Ideal Gas
  6. Specific Heat Capacities
  7. The Second Law of Thermodynamics
  8. Heat Engines
  9. Carnot’s Principle and the Carnot Engine
  10. Refrigerators, Air Conditioners, and Heat Pumps
  11. Entropy
  12. The Third Law of Thermodynamics
  13. CONCEPT SUMMARY

16 Waves and Sound

  1. The Nature of Waves
  2. Periodic Waves
  3. The Speed of a Wave on a String
  4. The Mathematical Description of a Wave
  5. The Nature of Sound
  6. The Speed of Sound
  7. Sound Intensity
  8. Decibels
  9. The Doppler Effect
  10. Applications of Sound in Medicine
  11. The Sensitivity of the Human Ear
  12. CONCEPT SUMMARY

17 The Principle of Linear Superposition and Interference Phenomena

  1. The Principle of Linear Superposition
  2. Constructive and Destructive Interference of Sound Waves
  3. Diffraction
  4. Beats
  5. Transverse Standing Waves
  6. Longitudinal Standing Waves
  7. Complex Sound Waves
  8. CONCEPT SUMMARY

18 Electric Forces and Electric Fields 

  1. The Origin of Electricity
  2. Charged Objects and the Electric Force
  3. Conductors and Insulators
  4. Charging by Contact and by Induction
  5. Coulomb’s Law
  6. The Electric Field
  7. Electric Field Lines
  8. The Electric Field Inside a Conductor: Shielding
  9. Gauss’ Law
  10. Copiers and Computer Printers
  11. CONCEPT SUMMARY

19 Electric Potential Energy and the Electric Potential

  1. Potential Energy
  2. The Electric Potential Difference
  3. The Electric Potential Difference Created by Point Charges
  4. Equipotential Surfaces and Their Relation to the Electric Field
  5. Capacitors and Dielectrics
  6. Biomedical Applications of Electric Potential Differences
  7. CONCEPT SUMMARY

20 Electric Circuits 

  1. Electromotive Force and Current
  2. Ohm’s Law
  3. Resistance and Resistivity
  4. Electric Power
  5. Alternating Current
  6. Series Wiring
  7. Parallel Wiring
  8. Circuits Wired Partially in Series and Partially in Parallel
  9. Internal Resistance
  10. Kirchhoff’s Rules
  11. The Measurement of Current and Voltage
  12. Capacitors in Series and in Parallel
  13. Circuits
  14. Safety and the Physiological Effects of Current
  15. CONCEPT SUMMARY

21 Magnetic Forces and Magnetic Fields

  1. Magnetic Fields
  2. The Force That a Magnetic Field Exerts on a Moving Charge
  3. The Motion of a Charged Particle in a Magnetic Field
  4. The Mass Spectrometer
  5. The Force on a Current in a Magnetic Field
  6. The Torque on a Current-Carrying Coil
  7. Magnetic Fields Produced by Currents
  8. Ampère’s Law
  9. Magnetic Materials
  10. CONCEPT SUMMARY

22 Electromagnetic Induction

  1. Induced Emf and Induced Current
  2. Motional Emf
  3. Magnetic Flux
  4. Faraday’s Law of Electromagnetic Induction 
  5. Lenz’s Law
  6. Applications of Electromagnetic Induction to the Reproduction of Sound
  7. The Electric Generator
  8. Mutual Inductance and Self-Inductance
  9. Transformers
  10. CONCEPT SUMMARY 

23 Alternating Current Circuits

  1. Capacitors and Capacitive Reactance
  2. Inductors and Inductive Reactance
  3. Circuits Containing Resistance, Capacitance, and Inductance
  4. Resonance in Electric Circuits
  5. Semiconductor Devices
  6. CONCEPT SUMMARY

24 Electromagnetic Waves

  1. The Nature of Electromagnetic Waves
  2. The Electromagnetic Spectrum
  3. The Speed of Light
  4. The Energy Carried by Electromagnetic Waves
  5. The Doppler Effect and Electromagnetic Waves
  6. Polarisation
  7. CONCEPT SUMMARY

25 The Reflection of Light: Mirrors

  1. Wave Fronts and Rays
  2. The Reflection of Light
  3. The Formation of Images by a Plane Mirror
  4. Spherical Mirrors
  5. The Formation of Images by Spherical Mirrors
  6. The Mirror Equation and the Magnification Equation
  7. CONCEPT SUMMARY

26 The Refraction of Light: Lenses and Optical Instruments

  1. The Index of Refraction
  2. Snell’s Law and the Refraction of Light
  3. Total Internal Reflection
  4. Polarisation and the Reflection and Refraction of Light
  5. The Dispersion of Light: Prisms and Rainbows
  6. Lenses
  7. The Formation of Images by Lenses
  8. The Thin-Lens Equation and the Magnification Equation
  9. Lenses in Combination
  10. The Human Eye
  11. Angular Magnification and the Magnifying Glass
  12. The Compound Microscope
  13. The Telescope
  14. Lens Aberrations
  15. CONCEPT SUMMARY

27 Interference and the Wave Nature of Light

  1. The Principle of Linear Superposition
  2. Young’s Double-Slit Experiment
  3. Thin-Film Interference
  4. The Michelson Interferometer
  5. Diffraction
  6. Resolving Power
  7. The Diffraction Grating
  8. Compact Discs, Digital Video Discs, and the Use of Interference
  9. X-Ray Diffraction
  10. CONCEPT SUMMARY

28 Special Relativity

  1. Events and Inertial Reference Frames
  2. The Postulates of Special Relativity
  3. The Relativity of Time: Time Dilation
  4. The Relativity of Length: Length Contraction 
  5. Relativistic Momentum
  6. The Equivalence of Mass and Energy
  7. The Relativistic Addition of Velocities
  8. CONCEPT SUMMARY

29 Particles and Waves

  1. The Wave–Particle Duality
  2. Blackbody Radiation and Planck’s Constant 
  3. Photons and the Photoelectric Effect
  4. The Momentum of a Photon and the Compton Effect
  5. The De Broglie Wavelength and the Wave Nature of Matter
  6. The Heisenberg Uncertainty Principle
  7. CONCEPT SUMMARY

30 The Nature of the Atom

  1. Rutherford Scattering and the Nuclear Atom
  2. Line Spectra
  3. The Bohr Model of the Hydrogen Atom
  4. De Broglie’s Explanation of Bohr’s Assumption About Angular Momentum
  5. The Quantum Mechanical Picture of the Hydrogen Atom
  6. The Pauli Exclusion Principle and the Periodic Table of the Elements
  7. X-Rays
  8. The Laser
  9. Medical Applications of the Laser
  10. Holography
  11. CONCEPT SUMMARY

31 Nuclear Physics and Radioactivity

  1. Nuclear Structure
  2. The Strong Nuclear Force and the Stability of the Nucleus
  3. The Mass Defect of the Nucleus and Nuclear Binding Energy
  4. Radioactivity
  5. The Neutrino
  6. Radioactive Decay and Activity
  7. Radioactive Dating
  8. Radioactive Decay Series
  9. Radiation Detectors
  10. CONCEPT SUMMARY

32 Ionising Radiation, Nuclear Energy, and Elementary Particles

  1. Biological Effects of Ionising Radiation
  2. Induced Nuclear Reactions
  3. Nuclear Fission
  4. Nuclear Reactors
  5. Nuclear Fusion
  6. Elementary Particles
  7. Cosmology
  8. CONCEPT SUMMARY

Appendix A 

Powers of Ten and Scientific Notation A-1

Appendix B 

Significant Figures A-1 

Appendix C 

Algebra A-2

Appendix D 

Exponents and Logarithms A-3

Appendix E 

Geometry and Trigonometry A-4 

Appendix F 

Selected Isotopes A-5 

Answers to Check Your Understanding 

A-9 Answers to Odd-Numbered Problems 

A-16 Index I-1