10th Edition

John D. Cutnell

Kenneth W. Johnson, David Young, Shane Stadler

© 2015

Kenneth W. Johnson, David Young, Shane Stadler

© 2015

Cutnell and Johnson has been the #1 text in the algebra-based physics market for almost 20 years. The 10^{th} edition brings on new co-authors: David Young and Shane Stadler (both out of LSU). The Cutnell offering now includes enhanced features and functionality for the WileyPLUS course as wells as a new adaptive learning module called ORION. The authors, Young and Stadler, have been extensively involved in the creation and adaptation of valuable resources for the text and WileyPLUS.

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- Course Materials to help you personalise lessons and optimise your time, including:
- Customisable pre-built course plan
- Instructor Resource Guide
- Instructor Solutions Manuals
- Testbank
- Lecture Notes PowerPoint
^{TM}Slides - Classroom Response System (Clicker) Questions
- Image Gallery

- Complete online version of the textbook included
- Relevant, student study tools and learning resources to ensure positive learning outcomes, including:
- Animations
- Math help videos
- Concept simulations and questions
- Additional problems not found in the text
- NEW Chalkboard videos authored by David Young and Shane Stadler
- Guided Online (GO) Tutorial problems
- Algebra and Trigonometry review (Chapter 0)
- Interactive LearningWare problems
- Video Physics Demonstrations
- Hundreds of MCAT-style questions

Pre-created activities to encourage learning outside of the classroom, including:

- Question Assignments: all end-of-chapter problems coded algorithmically with hints, links to text, whiteboard/show work feature and instructor-controlled problem-solving help. Many problems include links to Math Help Videos, GO tutorials, Interactive LearningWare, and fully worked out solutions.
- WileyPLUS Quickstart assignments and presentations for the entire course created by a subject-matter expert

**1 Introduction and Mathematical Concepts **

- The Nature of Physics
- Units
- The Role of Units in Problem Solving
- Trigonometry
- Scalars and Vectors
- Vector Addition and Subtraction
- The Components of a Vector
- Addition of Vectors by Means of Components
- CONCEPT SUMMARY

**2 Kinematics in One Dimension **

- Displacement
- Speed and Velocity
- Acceleration
- Equations of Kinematics for Constant Acceleration
- Applications of the Equations of Kinematics
- Freely Falling Bodies
- Graphical Analysis of Velocity and Acceleration
- CONCEPT SUMMARY

**3 Kinematics in Two Dimensions **

- Displacement, Velocity, and Acceleration
- Equations of Kinematics in Two Dimensions
- Projectile Motion
- Relative Velocity
- CONCEPT SUMMARY

**4 Forces and Newton’s Laws of Motion **

- The Concepts of Force and Mass
- Newton’s First Law of Motion
- Newton’s Second Law of Motion
- The Vector Nature of Newton’s Second Law of Motion
- Newton’s Third Law of Motion
- Types of Forces: An Overview
- The Gravitational Force
- The Normal Force
- Static and Kinetic Frictional Forces
- The Tension Force
- Equilibrium Applications of Newton’s Laws of Motion
- Nonequilibrium Applications of Newton’s Laws of Motion
- CONCEPT SUMMARY

**5 Dynamics of Uniform Circular Motion **

- Uniform Circular Motion
- Centripetal Acceleration
- Centripetal Force
- Banked Curves
- Satellites in Circular Orbits
- Apparent Weightlessness and Artificial Gravity
- Vertical Circular Motion
- CONCEPT SUMMARY

**6 Work and Energy **

- Work Done by a Constant Force
- The Work–Energy Theorem and Kinetic Energy
- Gravitational Potential Energy
- Conservative Versus Nonconservative Forces
- The Conservation of Mechanical Energy
- Nonconservative Forces and the Work–Energy Theorem
- Power
- Other Forms of Energy and the Conservation of Energy
- Work Done by a Variable Force
- CONCEPT SUMMARY

**7 Impulse and Momentum **

- The Impulse–Momentum Theorem
- The Principle of Conservation of Linear Momentum
- Collisions in One Dimension
- Collisions in Two Dimensions
- Center of Mass
- CONCEPT SUMMARY

**8 Rotational Kinematics **

- Rotational Motion and Angular Displacement
- Angular Velocity and Angular Acceleration
- The Equations of Rotational Kinematics
- Angular Variables and Tangential Variables
- Centripetal Acceleration and Tangential Acceleration
- Rolling Motion
- The Vector Nature of Angular Variables
- CONCEPT SUMMARY

**9 Rotational Dynamics **

- The Action of Forces and Torques on Rigid Objects
- Rigid Objects in Equilibrium
- Center of Gravity
- Newton’s Second Law for Rotational Motion About a Fixed Axis
- Rotational Work and Energy
- Angular Momentum
- CONCEPT SUMMARY

**10 Simple Harmonic Motion and Elasticity **

- The Ideal Spring and Simple Harmonic Motion
- Simple Harmonic Motion and the Reference Circle
- Energy and Simple Harmonic Motion
- The Pendulum
- Damped Harmonic Motion
- Driven Harmonic Motion and Resonance
- Elastic Deformation
- Stress, Strain, and Hooke’s Law
- CONCEPT SUMMARY

**11 Fluids **

- Mass Density
- Pressure
- Pressure and Depth in a Static Fluid
- Pressure Gauges
- Pascal’s Principle
- Archimedes’ Principle
- Fluids in Motion
- The Equation of Continuity
- Bernoulli’s Equation
- Applications of Bernoulli’s Equation
- Viscous Flow
- CONCEPT SUMMARY

**12 Temperature and Heat**

- Common Temperature Scales
- The Kelvin Temperature Scale
- Thermometers
- Linear Thermal Expansion
- Volume Thermal Expansion
- Heat and Internal Energy
- Heat and Temperature Change: Specific Heat Capacity
- Heat and Phase Change: Latent Heat
- Equilibrium Between Phases of Matter
- Humidity
- CONCEPT SUMMARY

** 13 The Transfer of Heat **

- Convection
- Conduction
- Radiation
- Applications
- CONCEPT SUMMARY

** 14 The Ideal Gas Law and Kinetic Theory **

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- Molecular Mass, the Mole, and Avogadro’s Number
- The Ideal Gas Law
- Kinetic Theory of Gases
- Diffusion
- CONCEPT SUMMARY

**15 Thermodynamics**

- Thermodynamic Systems and Their Surroundings
- The Zeroth Law of Thermodynamics
- The First Law of Thermodynamics
- Thermal Processes
- Thermal Processes Using an Ideal Gas
- Specific Heat Capacities
- The Second Law of Thermodynamics
- Heat Engines
- Carnot’s Principle and the Carnot Engine
- Refrigerators, Air Conditioners, and Heat Pumps
- Entropy
- The Third Law of Thermodynamics
- CONCEPT SUMMARY

**16 Waves and Sound**

- The Nature of Waves
- Periodic Waves
- The Speed of a Wave on a String
- The Mathematical Description of a Wave
- The Nature of Sound
- The Speed of Sound
- Sound Intensity
- Decibels
- The Doppler Effect
- Applications of Sound in Medicine
- The Sensitivity of the Human Ear
- CONCEPT SUMMARY

**17 The Principle of Linear Superposition and Interference Phenomena**

- The Principle of Linear Superposition
- Constructive and Destructive Interference of Sound Waves
- Diffraction
- Beats
- Transverse Standing Waves
- Longitudinal Standing Waves
- Complex Sound Waves
- CONCEPT SUMMARY

**18 Electric Forces and Electric Fields **

- The Origin of Electricity
- Charged Objects and the Electric Force
- Conductors and Insulators
- Charging by Contact and by Induction
- Coulomb’s Law
- The Electric Field
- Electric Field Lines
- The Electric Field Inside a Conductor: Shielding
- Gauss’ Law
- Copiers and Computer Printers
- CONCEPT SUMMARY

**19 Electric Potential Energy and the Electric Potential**

- Potential Energy
- The Electric Potential Difference
- The Electric Potential Difference Created by Point Charges
- Equipotential Surfaces and Their Relation to the Electric Field
- Capacitors and Dielectrics
- Biomedical Applications of Electric Potential Differences
- CONCEPT SUMMARY

**20 Electric Circuits **

- Electromotive Force and Current
- Ohm’s Law
- Resistance and Resistivity
- Electric Power
- Alternating Current
- Series Wiring
- Parallel Wiring
- Circuits Wired Partially in Series and Partially in Parallel
- Internal Resistance
- Kirchhoff’s Rules
- The Measurement of Current and Voltage
- Capacitors in Series and in Parallel
- Circuits
- Safety and the Physiological Effects of Current
- CONCEPT SUMMARY

**21 Magnetic Forces and Magnetic Fields**

- Magnetic Fields
- The Force That a Magnetic Field Exerts on a Moving Charge
- The Motion of a Charged Particle in a Magnetic Field
- The Mass Spectrometer
- The Force on a Current in a Magnetic Field
- The Torque on a Current-Carrying Coil
- Magnetic Fields Produced by Currents
- Ampère’s Law
- Magnetic Materials
- CONCEPT SUMMARY

**22 Electromagnetic Induction**

- Induced Emf and Induced Current
- Motional Emf
- Magnetic Flux
- Faraday’s Law of Electromagnetic Induction
- Lenz’s Law
- Applications of Electromagnetic Induction to the Reproduction of Sound
- The Electric Generator
- Mutual Inductance and Self-Inductance
- Transformers
- CONCEPT SUMMARY

**23 Alternating Current Circuits **

- Capacitors and Capacitive Reactance
- Inductors and Inductive Reactance
- Circuits Containing Resistance, Capacitance, and Inductance
- Resonance in Electric Circuits
- Semiconductor Devices
- CONCEPT SUMMARY

**24 Electromagnetic Waves **

- The Nature of Electromagnetic Waves
- The Electromagnetic Spectrum
- The Speed of Light
- The Energy Carried by Electromagnetic Waves
- The Doppler Effect and Electromagnetic Waves
- Polarisation
- CONCEPT SUMMARY

**25 The Reflection of Light: Mirrors **

- Wave Fronts and Rays
- The Reflection of Light
- The Formation of Images by a Plane Mirror
- Spherical Mirrors
- The Formation of Images by Spherical Mirrors
- The Mirror Equation and the Magnification Equation
- CONCEPT SUMMARY

**26 The Refraction of Light: Lenses and Optical Instruments**

- The Index of Refraction
- Snell’s Law and the Refraction of Light
- Total Internal Reflection
- Polarisation and the Reflection and Refraction of Light
- The Dispersion of Light: Prisms and Rainbows
- Lenses
- The Formation of Images by Lenses
- The Thin-Lens Equation and the Magnification Equation
- Lenses in Combination
- The Human Eye
- Angular Magnification and the Magnifying Glass
- The Compound Microscope
- The Telescope
- Lens Aberrations
- CONCEPT SUMMARY

** 27 Interference and the Wave Nature of Light**

- The Principle of Linear Superposition
- Young’s Double-Slit Experiment
- Thin-Film Interference
- The Michelson Interferometer
- Diffraction
- Resolving Power
- The Diffraction Grating
- Compact Discs, Digital Video Discs, and the Use of Interference
- X-Ray Diffraction
- CONCEPT SUMMARY

**28 Special Relativity **

- Events and Inertial Reference Frames
- The Postulates of Special Relativity
- The Relativity of Time: Time Dilation
- The Relativity of Length: Length Contraction
- Relativistic Momentum
- The Equivalence of Mass and Energy
- The Relativistic Addition of Velocities
- CONCEPT SUMMARY

**29 Particles and Waves **

- The Wave–Particle Duality
- Blackbody Radiation and Planck’s Constant
- Photons and the Photoelectric Effect
- The Momentum of a Photon and the Compton Effect
- The De Broglie Wavelength and the Wave Nature of Matter
- The Heisenberg Uncertainty Principle
- CONCEPT SUMMARY

**30 The Nature of the Atom **

- Rutherford Scattering and the Nuclear Atom
- Line Spectra
- The Bohr Model of the Hydrogen Atom
- De Broglie’s Explanation of Bohr’s Assumption About Angular Momentum
- The Quantum Mechanical Picture of the Hydrogen Atom
- The Pauli Exclusion Principle and the Periodic Table of the Elements
- X-Rays
- The Laser
- Medical Applications of the Laser
- Holography
- CONCEPT SUMMARY

**31 Nuclear Physics and Radioactivity **

- Nuclear Structure
- The Strong Nuclear Force and the Stability of the Nucleus
- The Mass Defect of the Nucleus and Nuclear Binding Energy
- Radioactivity
- The Neutrino
- Radioactive Decay and Activity
- Radioactive Dating
- Radioactive Decay Series
- Radiation Detectors
- CONCEPT SUMMARY

**32 Ionising Radiation, Nuclear Energy, and Elementary Particles **

- Biological Effects of Ionising Radiation
- Induced Nuclear Reactions
- Nuclear Fission
- Nuclear Reactors
- Nuclear Fusion
- Elementary Particles
- Cosmology
- CONCEPT SUMMARY

**Appendix A **

Powers of Ten and Scientific Notation A-1

**Appendix B **

Significant Figures A-1

**Appendix C **

Algebra A-2

**Appendix D **

Exponents and Logarithms A-3

**Appendix E **

Geometry and Trigonometry A-4

**Appendix F**

Selected Isotopes A-5

Answers to Check Your Understanding

A-9 Answers to Odd-Numbered Problems

A-16 Index I-1